The Engineers Canada Labor Market conducted a study that made projections, for several engineering occupations, till 2020. The statistics are as below-
The forecast for civil engineers is for an average of 2,500 job openings annually over the next five years. Growth in industries that employ civil engineers will generate about 1,000 of these openings each year. Another 1,500 of these job openings will be related to the replacement of retiring workers given the high average age of civil engineers (as high as 50 years old in British Columbia). Total job openings for civil engineers will taper off during the last five years of the forecast (2020-2025) to about 1,800 annually. This is primarily because industry demand for civil engineers is diminished.
There will be about 2,100 job openings for mechanical engineers annually over the next five years. The economic forecast generates expansion demand for mechanical engineers that is expected to average about 825 job openings each year – only 40 percent of total openings. Replacement demand for mechanical engineers will contribute 1,270 of these job openings annually over the 5 year period. The average annual number of job openings will taper off sharply to 1,400 during the latter five years of the forecast primarily due to diminished expansion demand from industry.
Electrical and Electronics Engineers
It is expected that there will be about 1,800 job openings annually for electrical and electronic engineers over the next five years – nearly 1,200 of these openings per year will be due to retirements from the workforce. Total job openings will taper off to about 1,350 per year during the latter 5 year period as demand from industry falls off. Replacement demand will continue to average 1,200 annually and will become relatively more important during the latter 5 year period.
Canadian universities grant about 1,300 chemical engineering degrees each year which should generate a strong flow of new entrants into the chemical engineering occupation. Job openings for chemical engineers will average about 400 annually over the next five years. The projection is for net in-migration to average about 95 annually over that period to meet total supply requirements. The international in-migration component is limited for this occupation – only about 90 annually over the period and a reduction to about 25 annually during the latter 5 years.
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers
Job openings for industrial and manufacturing engineers will average just less than 600 per year over the next five years. Nearly 70 per cent of these openings will be driven by replacement demand. Canadian universities grant about 360 degrees in industrial and manufacturing engineering, annually. It is expected that the flow of new entrants to average about 400 per year with international in-migration requirements of about 140 per year.
Metallurgical and Materials Engineers
There will be a small number of jobs openings for metallurgical and materials engineers over the next five years – about 100 annually. Ontario has the highest concentration of the occupation and is expected to produce about 70 per cent of these openings. Canadian universities grant over 200 degrees in metallurgical and materials engineering per year and the expectation is that new entrants will fill about half of the jobs openings. There will be very little need for international in-migration to meet total supply requirements.
Job openings for mining engineers will average about 175 annually over the next five years. The average wage
paid to mining engineers is very high and may result in more new entrants than expected. There will be recurring periods of relatively tight labor markets in British Columbia, Ontario and New Brunswick reflecting a number of major mining projects that are scheduled for construction. Net in-migration requirements are estimated to be about 70 annually. The international in-migration requirement for mining engineers averages 66 annually.
There will be about 135 job openings per year for geological engineers over the next five years. It is anticipated that about 70 percent of these openings will be related to retirements from the occupation. Openings are likely to taper off to 85 annually over the latter five years primarily due to diminished expansion demand from industry.
Alberta’s conventional oil industry is the largest employer of petroleum engineers in Canada. Job openings over the next 5 years will average only about 60 per year. The flow of new entrants will exceed supply requirements and international in-migration requirements for petroleum engineers will be negative over the period.
Job openings for aerospace engineers are expected to average 235 over the next five years – most of these positions are in the transportation equipment manufacturing industry in Ontario and Quebec. New entrants will average 170 per year over the same period and net in-migration will average 50 per year. International in-migration requirements for aerospace engineers are minimal.
The Canadian economy will produce almost 800 job openings annually for computer engineers over the next five years. Most of these positions will be located in Ontario and Quebec. Canadian universities grant about 680 computer engineering degrees per year and it is expected that the flow of new entrants into the occupation will average 650 annually. The remaining supply requirement will be met through net in-migration which is expected to average 125 per year about 110 of these workers will come from international in-migration.
The forecast is for the Canadian economy to produce about 1250 job openings for software engineers annually over the next five years – half of those openings will be in Ontario. Job openings are expected to hold steady during the latter 5 year period despite reduced expansion demand from industry. Canadian universities are granting nearly 800 software engineering degrees and our projection is for new entrants to supply about 1000 workers annually to the occupation over the next 5 years. The projections suggest that no excess demand should be expected over
Source: Engineers Canada